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[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • v.分发, 分配某事物
  • [英] v.分发, 分配某事物 ( separate sth into part and give a share to each person)
  • [记] dis ( 分开) +tribute ( 给予) -> 分开给 -> 分配
  • [同] 派生词: distribution ( n. 分发, 分送)

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

verb (-uted; -uting)

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Latin distributus, past participle of distribuere, from dis- + tribuere to allot — more at tribute
  • Date: 15th century
  • transitive verb
    • 1. to divide among several or many ; apportion <distribute expenses>
    • 2.
      • a. to spread out so as to cover something ; scatter
      • b. to give out or deliver especially to members of a group <distribute newspapers><distribute leaflets>
      • c. to place or position so as to be properly apportioned over or throughout an area <200 pounds distributed on a 6-foot frame>
      • d. to use (a term) so as to convey information about every member of the class named <the proposition “all men are mortal” distributes “man” but not “mortal”>
    • 3.
      • a. to divide or separate especially into kinds
      • b. to return the units of (as typeset matter) to storage
    • 4. to use in or as an operation so as to be mathematically distributive
  • intransitive verb
    • to be mathematically distributive <multiplication distributes over addition>
  • ? distributee noun
  • Synonyms:
    • distribute, dispense, divide, deal, dole out mean to give out, usually in shares, to each member of a group. distribute implies an apportioning by separation of something into parts, units, or amounts <distributed food to the needy>. dispense suggests the giving of a carefully weighed or measured portion to each of a group according to due or need<dispensed wisdom to the students>. divide stresses the separation of a whole into parts and implies that the parts are equal<three charitable groups divided the proceeds>. deal emphasizes the allotment of something piece by piece<deal out equipment and supplies>. dole out implies a carefully measured portion of something that is often in short supply<doled out what little food there was>.

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