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GRE 考研


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[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • n. 肩; 路肩; v. 把...扛在肩上; 担负

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

I. noun

  • Etymology: Middle English sholder, from Old English sculdor; akin to Old High German scultra shoulder
  • Date: before 12th century
  • 1.
    • a. the laterally projecting part of the human body formed of the bones and joints with their covering tissue by which the arm is connected with the trunk
    • b. the region of the body of nonhuman vertebrates that corresponds to the shoulder but is less projecting
  • 2.
    • a. the two shoulders and the upper part of the back — usually used in plural
    • b. plural capacity for bearing a task or blame <placed the guilt squarely on his shoulders>
  • 3. a cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg and adjacent parts — see lamb illustration
  • 4. the part of a garment at the wearer's shoulder
  • 5. an area adjacent to or along the edge of a higher, more prominent, or more important part: as
    • a.
      • (1) the part of a hill or mountain near the top
      • (2) a lateral protrusion or extension of a hill or mountain
    • b. either edge of a roadway; specifically the part of a roadway outside of the traveled way
  • 6. a rounded or sloping part (as of a stringed instrument or a bottle) where the neck joins the body
  • ? shouldered adjective

II. verb (shouldered; shouldering)

  • Date: 14th century
  • transitive verb
    • 1. to push or thrust with or as if with the shoulder ; jostle <shouldered his way through the crowd>
    • 2.
      • a. to place or bear on the shoulder <shouldered her knapsack>
      • b. to assume the burden or responsibility of <shoulder the blame>
  • intransitive verb
    • to push with or as if with the shoulders aggressively

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