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GRE 蓝宝 Barron TOEFL 考研


[编辑] 解释

[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • n. 鱼鳞; ( 音乐) 音阶
  • [英] n. 鱼鳞; ( 音乐) 音阶 ( a graduated series of musical tones)
  • [类] bird : feathers / fish : scales ( 鸟有羽毛 / 鱼有鱼鳞)
  • [例] She scaled the barrier like a commando. ( 她像突击队员似地翻过栅栏)

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

I. noun

  • Etymology: Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell — more at shell
  • Date: 14th century
  • 1.
    • a. either pan or tray of a balance
    • b. a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends — usually used in plural
  • 2. an instrument or machine for weighing

II. verb (scaled; scaling)

  • Date: 1691
  • transitive verb
    • to weigh in scales
  • intransitive verb
    • to have a specified weight on scales

III. noun

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk — more at shell
  • Date: 14th century
  • 1.
    • a. a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fish
    • b. a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale <scales of mica><the scales on a moth's wing>
    • c. the scaly covering of a scaled animal
  • 2. a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin
  • 3. a thin coating, layer, or incrustation: as
    • a. a usually black scaly coating of oxide forming on the surface of a metal (as iron) when it is heated for processing
    • b. a hard incrustation usually rich in sulfate of calcium that is deposited on the inside of a vessel (as a boiler) in which water is heated
  • 4.
    • a. a modified leaf protecting a seed plant bud before expansion
    • b. a thin, membranous, chaffy, or woody bract
  • 5.
    • a. any of the small overlapping usually metal pieces forming the outer surface of scale armor
    • b. scale armor
  • 6.
    • a. scale insect
    • b. infestation with or disease caused by scale insects
  • ? scaled adjective
  • ? scaleless adjective

IV. verb (scaled; scaling)

  • Date: 15th century
  • transitive verb
    • 1. to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping) <scale a fish>
    • 2. to take off in thin layers or scales <scale tartar from the teeth>
    • 3. to throw (as a thin flat stone) so that the edge cuts the air or so that it skips on water ; skim
  • [b][c darkslat

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