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[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • n.得罪, 错事
  • [英] n. 得罪, 错事 ( the breach of the moral, social or legal code)
  • [类] peccadillo : offense / cameo : sculpture ( 小错是一种错 / 宝石浮雕是一种雕刻)
  • [例] Certain offenses are misdemeanors, others are felonies.

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

or offence noun

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin offensa, from feminine of offensus, past participle of offendere
  • Date: 14th century
  • 1.
    • a. obsolete an act of stumbling
    • b. archaic a cause or occasion of sin ; stumbling block
  • 2. something that outrages the moral or physical senses
  • 3.
    • a. the act of attacking ; assault
    • b. the means or method of attacking or of attempting to score
    • c. the offensive team or members of a team playing offensive positions
    • d. scoring ability
  • 4.
    • a. the act of displeasing or affronting
    • b. the state of being insulted or morally outraged <takes offense at the slightest criticism>
  • 5.
  • ? offenseless adjective
  • Synonyms:
    • offense, resentment, umbrage, pique, dudgeon, huff mean an emotional response to or an emotional state resulting from a slight or indignity. offense implies hurt displeasure <takes deep offense at racial slurs>. resentment suggests lasting indignation or ill will<harbored a lifelong resentment of his brother>. umbrage may suggest hurt pride, resentment, or suspicion of another's motives<took umbrage at the offer of advice>. pique applies to a transient feeling of wounded vanity<in a pique I foolishly declined the invitation>. dudgeon suggests an angry fit of indignation<stormed out of the meeting in high dudgeon>. huff implies a peevish short-lived spell of anger usually at a petty cause<in a huff he slammed the door>.
  • Synonyms:
    • offense, sin, vice, crime, scandal mean a transgression of law. offense applies to the infraction of any law, rule, or code <at that school no offense went unpunished>. sin implies an offense against moral or religious law<the sin of blasphemy>. vice applies to a habit or practice that degrades or corrupts<regarded gambling as a vice>. crime implies a serious offense punishable by the law of the state<the crime of murder>. scandal applies to an offense that outrages the public conscience<a career ruined by a sex scandal>.

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