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[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • n.锉刀; v.锉平
  • [英] v.锉平 ( to smooth with a file)

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

I. noun

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file
  • Date: before 12th century
  • 1. a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal
  • 2. a shrewd or crafty person

II. transitive verb (filed; filing)

  • Date: 13th century
  • to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file

III. transitive verb (filed; filing)

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fy?lan, from fūl foul
  • Date: before 12th century
  • chiefly dialect defile, corrupt

IV. verb (filed; filing)

  • Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ?il sinew
  • Date: 15th century
  • transitive verb
    • 1. to arrange in order for preservation and reference <file letters>
    • 2.
      • a. to place among official records as prescribed by law <file a mortgage>
      • b. to send (copy) to a newspaper <filed a story>
      • c. to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits
    • 3. to initiate (as a legal action) through proper formal procedure <threatened to file charges>
  • intransitive verb
    • 1. to register as a candidate especially in a primary election
    • 2. to place items in a file
    • 3. to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding <file for bankruptcy>
  • ? filer noun

V. noun

  • Date: 1525
  • 1. a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order
  • 2.
    • a. archaic roll, list
    • b. a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified
    • c.
      • (1) a collection of related data records (as for a computer)
      • (2) a complete collection of data (as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output

VI. noun

  • Etymology: Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum
  • Date: 1598
  • 1. single file
  • [b

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