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GRE 蓝宝 Barron TOEFL


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[编辑] GRE 红宝书

  • n. 虚张声势; 悬崖峭壁
  • [英] n. 虚张声势 ( pretense of strength) ; 悬崖峭壁 ( high cliff)
  • [例] She threatened to sack me, but it's all a bluff.

[编辑] Webster Collegiate

I. adjective

  • Etymology: obsolete Dutch blaf flat; akin to Middle Low German blaff smooth
  • Date: 1627
  • 1.
    • a. having a broad flattened front
    • b. rising steeply with a broad flat or rounded front
  • 2. good-naturedly frank and outspoken
  • ? bluffly adverb
  • ? bluffness noun
  • Synonyms:
    • bluff, blunt, brusque, curt, crusty, gruff mean abrupt and unceremonious in speech and manner. bluff connotes good-natured outspokenness and unconventionality <a bluff manner>. blunt suggests directness of expression in disregard of others' feelings<a blunt appraisal>. brusque applies to a sharpness or ungraciousness<a brusque response>. curt implies disconcerting shortness or rude conciseness<a curt command>. crusty suggests a harsh or surly manner sometimes concealing an inner kindliness<a crusty exterior>. gruff suggests a hoarse or husky speech which may imply bad temper but more often implies embarrassment or shyness<puts on a gruff pose>.

II. noun

  • Date: 1666
  • a high steep bank ; cliff

III. verb

  • Etymology: probably from Dutch bluffen to boast, play a kind of card game
  • Date: 1791
  • transitive verb
    • 1.
      • a. to deter or frighten by pretense or a mere show of strength
      • b. deceive
      • c. feign <the catcher bluffed a throw to first>
    • 2. to deceive (an opponent) in cards by a bold bet on an inferior hand
  • intransitive verb
    • to bluff someone ; act deceptively
  • ? bluffer noun

IV. noun

  • Date: 1845
  • 1.
    • a. an act or instance of bluffing
    • b. the practice of bluffing
  • 2. one who bluffs

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